Current Situation

The following is a Baseline Study that covers the sub-location of Achego which lies within the East Kano Location. The Baseline Study was conducted and presented by Mr Dennis Okoth in 2008. We thank Mr Okoth for allowing us to present the information here.


SUMMARY

Achego sub-location is one of the under developed sub-locations within Nyando district though unlike other sub-locations Achego is blessed with a number of natural resources that if used appropriately can improve the standard of living within this sub-location and other social factors that are directly or indirectly related to human life. This resources include permanent river (Awach) which flows along the boundary of Achego sub-location and North Nyakach location, this river is used for both human consumption and animal consumption, its also appropriate for irrigation which a few individuals are trying to invest in with little progress because of inadequate capital.

The land here is fertile though not productive as a result of unpredictable rainfall which sometimes causes floods, this has made the residence of this sub-location to invest in rice growing through the indigenous system of irrigation to make use of their swampy plots. The population here has over 2700 people which is basically densely populated to the upper part which is a little bit high leaving the lower part with sparsely populated as it is swampy and occasionally affected by floods. The main churches found here are; Catholic, Lutheran, A.C.K (Anglican Church of Kenya) New apostolic church and other developing church like Roho Israel and Voice of salvation. For effective administration. The sub-location is divided into seven villages each headed by a village elder known as (Mlango) with the sub-location being headed by Assistant chief.

Within Achego sub-location there are only two public primary schools namely: Kanyangoro primary school and Nyarombe primary school with no secondary school, the sub-location once had a village polytechnic which was started and collapse.

Health facilities are not available in this sub-location though there are plans to equip Katolo community centre, pharmacy to serve this community.

The environment related pollution mainly occurs at the river where the water get polluted by farmers, animals and also the activities carried out at the catchment’s areas.

Soil erosion mostly take place at the river banks during floods and also the lower part where water flows with high speed.

Politically the sub-location is found within Nyando constituency in East Kano ward. Headed by a chancellor, political parties found here are KANU, NARK O.D.M and P.N.U. the political leaders in this ward is the chancellor elected by the people and also the chairperson of different political parties.

Other leadership are narrowed to the clan level where clan elders have a upper voice to the matters related to the clan members.

1 SOCIAL
(a) Democracy

Achego sub-location is located within East Kano location in Nyando division, Nyando district in Nyanza province in Kenya. It lies to the South East of Kisumu city one and quarter hour drive from the city centre.

Achego sub-location has got a population of 2700 people. The majority of this number is persons between the age of five to twenty four. The population growth has been moderate from the last national census but a rapid growth was realized from the year 2000 with an annual average of 30% in this sub-location.

The population is density populated to the lower part of the sub-location and the upper leaving the centre with scared population, this is as a result of the economic activities carried out in both sides.

The fertility rate is still very high in Achego as compared to past analysis, currently the number of live birth a woman can give is between six to nine children with an estimated crude birth rate of 55-60% respectively.

The death rate is very high and its believed to be as a result of susceptibility to diseases such as malaria, typhoid, measles, cholera and Hiv and Aids.

(b) Racial / ethnic mix.
Generally Achego is inhabited by a single ethnic group the Luo, though borderered by Kalenjins to the East. The two ethnic groups live separately to one another but they only interact through business.

(c) Cultural characteristics
The people living in Achego sub-location are all sharing the same traditional cultural practices though majority consist of only two traditionally identified clans of Katolo and Kimira with Katolo being the majority. Clanism of course, too exist in this sub-location just like any other societies but people haven’t given it a serious consideration as it is a threat to general development.

The families here live in different homesteads and mostly within the ancestral land with cultural home arrangements.

(d) Class structure:
In this sub-location the people considered to be of the upper class than the others are those that own large plots of land and herds of cattle which are traditionally inherited from ancestors though the working elite are also being given the same consideration because of their ability to buy and own both land and cattle.

(e) Leadership:
This sub-location has got only two form of leadership; this include the administration department lead by the area assistant chief followed by several village elders appointed by the chief. Secondly there are political leaders who represent different political parties at the sub-location level as the chairperson of their different parties.

(f) Education levels:
Achego sub-location has got only two public primary schools namely Kanyangoro and Nyarombe, this two schools cannot meet the populations of children in this sub-location and as a result some children go to the nearest schools as they could not walk long distances to get to this schools which are almost seven kilometers apart. This sub-location has got one secondary schools which make the secondary school going children/students toseek admission in other schools. The only nearest secondary school is within the location which Achego is part of. Most of the pupils have drop out of school after completing their class eight exams, which they term as the end of education as its expensive to most of the parents to take their children to boarding schools. The sub-location has got no higher institute of learning and even the general location.

(g) Youth:
The population of the youth within this sub-location is dominated by young people aged between 14-24, most of this youths are either form four dropouts or class eight dropouts. As a result of their need to service in the absence of proper job opportunities some of them migrate to urban centers to look for job while others get absorbed in the very competitive job of Bicycle transport known as Boda boda and others do manual-casual work at the local farms as well as charcoal burning.

The effort of the youths here to come together and work as a team has not been successful because they lack guidance on how to go about it. However, there are several attempts being made by the youths here to form youth groups to enable them got  access to the governments youth funds, but many are still not aware of the procedure, on how to go about it and its availability.
Even though youths here play a very important roll in politics but the politicians have not benefited them in any way as they only use the youths during election period and forget them thereafter.

(h) Medical status and facilities.
Achego sub-location has got no proper medical facilities despite it being susceptible to Malaria and other water born diseases which normally rise during rainy seasons within this location there is only one clinic/pharmacy at a community centre to the lower part of it which also lack both facilities and medicine.

The resident of this sub-location must walk at least six kilometers to get to the nearest Kinasia dispensary to the upper part, Rae dispensary to the lower and also to travel to Katito or Ahero dispensary for any further examination and treatment.

(i) Recreation facilities:
In this sub-location there is no even a single place set for recreational activities and the people here depend on the primary schools fields for recreational activities.

(k) Dominant values:
The dominant values here are the peaceful coexistence that the community of Achego has enjoyed since time memorial and the respect to one another. The prestige for keeping cattle, sheep and goats in large numbers also encourages those who don’t have cattle to keep some.

2 (a) Economic profile
Economically Achego sub-location is very poor; although it has high potential of improving this condition. The major economic activities carried here are rice cultivation, vegetable production, cattle keeping, sisal deflashing and maize and millet production: basically millet production performs better as the variety planted can resist drought for some times.

The residence of this sub-location lacks financial services to enable them get access to enough capital to improve their production.

(b) Resources:-
The resources within Achego sub-location include fertile loamy and clay soils which is appropriate for rice production in large scale; permanent river Awach which can be used for irrigation and uncultivated land used for grazing cattle and sheep.

(c) Farm structure:
The farm structure’s here depends on the capability of the individual persons; most of the farmers here prefers keeping, poultry, cattle sheep and goats within their compound and cultivation field away from home to avoid crop destruction, Fencing the plots is mostly by the use of Natural fencing where they use sisal plants and euphorbia which also acts as a boundary mark between different plots.

(d) Farm enterprises:
The only enterprises in Achego sub-location is indigenous Beef cattle which are used for ploughing & later to be sold for meet to the local butcheries. Milk production is also another enterprise though the cattle kept are not for milk production; Rice production is the main farm enterprise here with an estimated outputs of Ksh. Six million per growing season.

(e) Other economic activities:
This includes:
Rope making.
Charcoal burning.
Small scale business enterprises.

(f) Inflation:
The inflation of different commodities normally goes high during the months of January, February and March. The residence of this area usually finds it hard to cope with living standard as the price of common commodities goes up. As a result of high demand and low production; this is when farmers’ tries to control stock of their farm produce before the fate of the crops planted is determined or predicted which is dictated by the amount of rainfall experienced at the beginning of the year.

(g) Growth:
The economical condition of Achego is unpredictable and cannot be determined. This is as a result of unreliable rainfalls which pulls every thing down as the key element to economic growth is agricultural products.

3 Environment:
(a) Population

The environmental condition is not posed to any serious danger as there are no busy industries here to pollute air and land even though other activities carried out within residential places contribute a little to the air and water pollution.

The river water used here both for domestic use and irrigation is majorly populated by the activities of the farmers along the river as well as cattle, sheep and goats that walks into the river water to drink.

Most of the lands here have been over cultivated as most of them are the only high grounds that can support crop production.

(b) Soil erosion, deforestation:
Soil erosion in Achego sub-location is rampant because it lies to the bottom of the hills of Orucho and holo places which borders Kano plain and part of the Great Rift Valley Mountains.

(c) Biodiversity, Natural capital
The Biodiversity in Achego is not well balanced as most of the Natural and indigenous species has gone extinct. In this sub-location there are only domesticated animals most of the bushes have been cleared for human settlement and for cultivation which has led to the extinction of both wild animals and trees.

However, the natural capitals here are land, water, air and human capital.

4(a) Political profile:
Achego sub-location  divides the East Kano ward into two leaving Katolo to the upper part. East Kano ward was divided from what was then called Wawithi ward before Multiparty took its course in Kenya in 1992. Achego has been within the leadership of different chancellors with non coming from within this sub-location chancellor Odenya Okuom ruled the then Wawithi and East Kano wards respectively for different occasions before multiparty system. He was succeeded by Chancellor Akoko Rawich who took over at the on set of multiparty system.

Chancellor Janes Akoko Rawich unlike all Odenya ruled only East Kano ward for two terms of five years each, from 1992-2002.

He was also succeeded by Chancellor Tom Onyango Ocharo (Kademba) when another face of political charge was to be realized. Chancellor Kademba like other chancellors also hails from the upper part of East Kano where he enjoys the support of the majority clan against the minorities’ clans which Constitute East Kano location as a whole. There are only two major clans here among others. These are Katolo who are the majority and Kimira which is the second in population followed by others e.g Kabar, koguta, kobongo and others.

As a result of this political system /Euphoria, Kademba was elected in the year 2002 general election & re-elected in last years general election.

(b) Political leadership:
Achego sub-location is led actively by the popular party’s sub-location chairperson, However other parties also have their party chairpersons within followed by secretaries and treasurers respectively. Not all party committees are led by the elected ruling chancellor except its own members. The political leader therefore is the elected chancellor or a nominated one.

(d) Informal leadership:
This is not widely practiced but its done at the clan level. The community members here select their leaders to preside over different occasions like funeral programs and settling disputes between community members.

Ecclesial:
(a) Religious profile:

In Achego sub-location these are many churches some of which are affiliated to the founder missionary churches of which some are as old as the catholic church of Kenya. This include Anglican church of Kenya, Seventh day Adventist church, African Inland church and other protestant local churches like, Legio maria, Pentecostal church of Kenya, New apostolic church, Lutheran church, Anglican othodox church.

Most of this churches are said to be the pillars for the establishment of schools in Achego.

(b) Religious mix:
Achego sub-location is currently a mixture of different religions, this is as stated Contains founder churches among other protestant churches. There is also a rapid development of other local churches which are not affiliated to any of the founder churches in Kenya.

(c) Health of local churches
The health of local churches seems to be poor. This is demonstrated by the manner in which the local church leaders are carrying out their day to day activities of this churches, and different ideologies from members of the church and leaders leading to frequent break up of these churches. Top on these ideologies is misappropriation of church funds grid for church leadership hence the continuous formation of more churches.

(d) Churches in development:
The churches in development here are mostly affiliated to the independence churches, this include the Legio maria, Dini ya Roho Holyghost church which is the mother of all other related Roho churches in this sub-location, Apostolic churh, Pentecostal church, voice of salvation church, power of Jesus around the world church and Israel church of Kenya among others.

(e) Collaboration and co-operation
Most of this churches in Achego sub-location rarely collaborates with other churches which do not belong to their religious origin they therefore co-operate within their religious context. Collaboration and co-operation is only evident when there are serious concern which needs spiritual co-operation and also during the funeral services of any popular church member, recently the collaboration has been seen when development issues are to be discussed within the community and church leaders come together to share their experiences.