Tree Nursery & Agroforestry


 •    The rate of deforestation is high so we want to plant trees to create an ecological balance i.e  minimum 10% forest cover.

•     To enlighten the community against deforestation.

•     To plant trees which will assist to absorb green house gases.

•     To increase the communities income through the sale of timber, firewood, fruits, medical products etc.

•     To create food security. Increase nutritional value from plants/fruits for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH)

•     Aesthetic beauty i.e the green cover

•     Conservation of bio-diversity


1. Importance

The work with the PLWH in East Kano is very exciting because it is introducing tree planting (and raising) to a group of people with no previous experience. What is particularly thrilling is the possibility of creating a tree planting culture among a people group who historically have not planted trees.

Though they have little background planting trees, they cut trees (mostly big branches, but sometimes whole trees) through the dry season in order to feed their cows as they pasture. Women  also cook solely with wood, and look for that wood en brousse, cutting branches. The opportunity to work with them on establishing tree lots for fodder trees for their livestock, and also to participate in general tree planting as replacing those trees cut for fodder is important.

We see the reach of one nursery extending a large distance through the passing of knowledge and encouragement.

2. How many people will be affected?

The immediate East Kano Community, men, women, and children. However there are many surrounding villagers who will come to buy trees, and benefit from the project, so that the total number of those affected positively by this project greatly exceeds.

3. Techniques to be used

• We will be experimenting with an open root nursery bed as well as conventional plastic polypots, both those bought and those from recycled water bags.

• A live fence will be planted around the nursery area, incorporating both thorny trees as well as cuttings of other fast growing trees, to experiment with multiple methods and look at effectiveness of different species.

• A compost pit will be dug and compost will be produced, to be used at outplanting time

• The production of many diverse species for various uses

• In the future, we will expand into learning other vegetative propagation techniques such as grafting and cuttings.

4. Future extension

There is a great possibility of extending the project and teaching in the future. The following years after establishment, future volunteers, or other nursery men or NGO workers should introduce more complex propagation methods, such as grafting and the use of cuttings. As we will be starting small this year, there is always room for the expansion of the nursery, both in terrain size and in quantity and variety of species produced. This first year, most of their production will be for their own village and friends in surrounding villages. However if they find success and continued interest in the nursery work, it would be advisable for them to join one of the nursery CIGs (common interest group), a network of nurseries who often link up with NGOs for tree planting endeavors, providing a greater network of information, resources, and a larger market. Finally, on top of the nursery technical expertise, basic business and financial principles should be explored, to allow them to extend from year to year, preparing for the future year’s production with the current year’s sales.

5. Outputs/Expected Results:

• 1000 trees will be planted in East Kano Location combating desertification and deforestation

• PLWH nurserymen will be trained in keeping a nursery and tree planting techniques

• These nurserymen will share their knowledge with other villagers and friends and relatives from other villages so that knowledge and interest in tree planting will spread beyond their village.

• Women and children will be included in the nursery activities

• The nursery will add another economic resource for the village

• In theory, becoming interested in raising and planting trees will allow the villagers to take more care of the trees around them, perhaps cutting less and being more careful about bush fires.


1. Establishment of tree nurseries and management

a. Labour: Strategic Empowerment program (SEP) has 9 support groups with members who will be providing labour for the nurseries i.e. preparing the nurseries, bagging, transplanting, watering, and security. In addition, the group will mobilize different schools and other community members to assist.

b. Land: SEP is in the process of getting land for the nurseries establishment.

c. Tools & Equipment: SEP is intending to mobilize funds from well wishers to buy tools e.g jembes, pangas, shovels, spades, wheelbarrows, watering cans, horse pipes etc

d. Seeds: SEP is on process of partnering with agroforestry ministry to donate seeds. However, the groups will be buying the seeds that are not available in HELP from KEFRI which includes;


  • Anacardium occidental
  • Mangifera indica
  • Psidium guajave
  • various citrus (oranges, lime)#


  • Acacia nilotica
  • Acacia polyacantha


  • Azadirachta (neem)
  • Cassia siamea*
  • Albezia lebbeck*


  • Ficus#
  • Vetiva


  • Eucalpytus#
  • Moringa oliefera*

e. Manure and Fertilizer: For production of healthy seedlings, the group will buy fertilizers and will also prepare compost manure for the nurseries.

f. Potting bags: SEP will be buying the potting bags from the shops.

g. Pesticides and Herbicides: SEP is trying to mobilize funds to buy pesticides and herbicides for nurseries.

h. Nursery shades & Seedlings Racks: SEP will construct shades to protect the seedlings and will make raised racks to keep the seedlings till they mature for field planting.

2 Tree Planting

How many Trees will be Produced? At least 1000 trees (fruit trees, thorny trees, shade trees, and fodder trees) will be produced.

Where will these trees be planted?

The vast majority will be planted in the village, along the river banks, around homes, surrounding the village and in nearby fields. However others will be sold to other villagers, and friends/family and taken back to different villages.

a. The trees will be used to promote afforestation in schools and the group also intends to sell the seeds to public and private institution at a subsidized fee.

b. Also the trees will be planted during Public Holidays e.g Jamhuri Day and occasions like Environment day, trees planting days, wet lands days etc.

c. The group will mobilize school clubs, and environmental clubs to plant trees on the above occasions.

d. The group will sensitize the communities and give them trees to plant on their home free.

e. The group is intending to sell the seedlings to companies and lead agencies that are intending to promote afforestation.

3 Education & Sensitization

1. Communities: SEP will organize visits to different village areas to promote agro-forestry.  Seminars and workshops will be held to sensitize/train the communities.  Trees and fruits seedlings will be given out for free to the communities to plant in their farms during the seminars and workshops.

2. Educational Institutions: SEP will encourage environment clubs in primary and secondary schools and organize competition on environmental essays. For colleges and universities, internship programs will be provided e.g. to the environmental students.


In terms of sustainability, providing the first season goes well, we have high hopes that this project will be sustainable.

The East Kano PLWH nurserymen will be trained and have knowledge and be able to continue the work without any CBO or NGO’s presence.

We will be making sure to connect the East Kano PLWH nurserymen with the nurserymen in other villages, doing the training through them, at their nurseries. Thus, when they have any questions, they will go to them, and this will be an avenue of permanent support.

In addition, we believe the desire for trees, as previously mentioned, is strong enough to provide a good market, and it will be growing as the news of their nursery spreads.

The replication factor is highly possible, in that if their nursery is successful in the first year, we are sure their counterparts in other villages will also want to start their own, and they will serve as trainers.

The killer of sustainability will be if the first year sees many difficulties or problems in the nursery and the work is abandoned in the first year. But we believe if they get through the first year they will certainly continue the work into the future, as they see the benefits.



January - First talks with local NGO CREPP and village, Site chosen; 3 pepinieristes chosen; field trip to nursery in Awach

February - Site clean-up, thorny barrier created; discuss which species and numbers to be produced; well and compost pit dug

March - Seed Collection and Storage animation; seed preparation demonstration; seeds planted; beginning maintenance (watering, weeding, moving pots)

April - Planting; nursery maintenance

May - Maintenance

June - Maintenance; first outplanting

July - Main outplanting

August - Continued outplanting

September - Cleanup; financial breakdown, budget for next year; planning for next years needs and production